Naples, a city of art, takes the form of an amphitheatre on the sea with Vesuvius, the coastal mountains of Sorrento peninsula and the islands of Capri, Ischia and Procida, and Capo Miseno (Campi Flegrei) as its landmarks. Situated at the centre of the Mediterranean, Napoli is the main town of the Campania Region and “capital” of Italy’s Mezzogiorno.
Its history is well-known. The territory was first colonized in 900 BC, when “Anatolian and Achaean merchants and travellers arrived in the gulf on their way to the ore trading centres of the High Tyrrhene” and founded Partenopein the area which includes the isle of Megaride (the present-day Castel dell’Ovo) and the Monte Echia Promontory (the present-day Monte di Dio and Pizzofalcone).Later, after the wars, Partenope was abandoned and took the name of “Palepolis” (old city). In 475 AD the inhabitants of Cuma founded Neapolis (new city) to the east of the original city.
Piazza del Plebiscito Palazzo Reale
Piazza del Gesù Nuovo
Piazza del Plebiscito
Castel Nuovo o Maschio Angioino
San Gregorio Armeno
Come and see Napoli, an open-air museum because of its monuments collected over 2500 years of history. Visit its monuments, the traces of many foreign dominations, the Greek townplan, the Roman ruins, the Medieval architectural heritage (Swabian, Angevin and Aragonese dominations), its churches and castles. Enjoy its works of art, from Renaissance to modern times. In XIX century, Napoli has been a Spanish city and a Counter-Reform city; it has been the capital city of a kingdom (Regno delle due Sicilie), being a city of art, literature and technology. You will find art treasures in its museums, such as Capodimonte, exhibiting some of the best European paintings. Visit the S. Carlo Opera House, one of the most ancient theaters in the world and the Royal Palace.
Naples’ urban aspect is a kind of book; a historical anthology which is unwrapped page after page, building after building, and that, for the greatest part, it has been declared by the UNESCO “Patrimony of humanity”.
In the last few years Naples has become one of the favourite destinations for all those Italian and foreign tourists who love spending their holidays in cities of artistic interest. Unlike cities in which art is stored in museums and daily life happens on the streets, Naples’ distinctive mark is its folklore: people living and working among the artistic beauties of the city. Naples is a city of contrasts, sometimes of paradoxes, with noisy and crowded markets in the Spanish quarters as well as elegant shopping districts. An element stands out among the others: the mildness of the climate.
Enjoy also its wonderful surroundings: the ancient ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum, the Phlegrean Fields, and the spectacular islands – Capri, Ischia, Procida.
Updated touristic and cultural information about Napoli can be easily found at the following website: www.comune.napoli.it under the sections “tourism and culture”, www.napolidavivere.it, www.portanapoli.com, www.napolike.it.